Category: Society


Children Sexual Abuses and the Sex Industry

Hello

This is my first post in this blog, in the beginning I was having problems to find a subject to speak about and that could be related to our society or politics. However, yesterday when I was performing a search, by mistake I entered in a website with adult content. And I have to tell you that I was shocked with what I sow in there in 2-3 minutes time, mainly because I never thought about this hypothesis that I am going to tell you about next. So I decided that I had to write about this subject that is hidden from society and could bring psychological problems and pain to children in way that probably most of us don’t understand (“Sorry if I make probably to many personal statements and opinions about the subject”).

 I was able to enter the website without any type of control to begin with, something that in my mind is unthinkable. I think this happens to lots of people that try to search for something in the internet and they by any type of mistake or forwarding end up in a website of adult content. I think it should be created some type of control for these situations because it is very annoying and because any child can easily have access to it. What impressed me in these website was that it contains images that showed women having sex that looked like teenagers or children (“I only hope that they are not real children/teenagers”), even the titles of the images were constantly associated with the terminology of “teen” and “young” . Therefore, I think that the pornographic industry is creating products for pedophiles that are legal to start with. In the worst cases it could stimulate the creation of new pedophiles. In my opinion this situation shows how the need for profit is corrupting and destroying our society and our planet.

 “By the Universal Declaration of Human rights, child abuse is a crime against humanity”. And I completely agree with this.

Children sexual abuse problem

 Let’s talk a little about statistics. Children sexual abuse account around 10% of the all types of child abuses [1]. Additionally 36% of all women in prison were abused as children [1]. Approximately 20% of women and 5–10% of men report being sexually abused as children, while 25–50% of all children report being physically abused [2].

“Citing figures from the World Health Organisation, it asserts that 150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18, “experienced forced sexual intercourse and other forms of sexual violence involving physical contact”, in 2002” [3].

 Studies by David Finkelhor, Director of the Crimes Against Children Research Center from the US show that: (1)1 in 5 girls and 1 in 20 boys is a victim of child sexual abuse; (2) During a one-year period in the U.S., 16% of youth ages 14 to 17 had been sexually victimized; (3) Children are most vulnerable to CSA between the ages of 7 and 13 [4]. The USA is the developed country with the biggest rate of children sexual abuse and is also the country where the pornographic industry is higher. This association could be wrongly made by me, but could it mean something more?

 Most sexual abuse is committed by men (90%) and by persons known to the child (70% to 90%), with family members constituting one-third to one-half of the perpetrators against girls and 10% to 20% of the perpetrators against boys [5].

 Some of the several psychological impacts that child abuse can bring are: non-suicidal self-injury; non-epileptic seizures; chronic pelvic pain; cortisol levels and post-traumatic stress disorder; HIV risk behavior; eating disorders; borderline personality disorder; re-victimization [6].

 “Data from published research illustrate that, to a greater or lesser extent, child abuse is a historical constant that occurs in all cultures and societies and at any social level [7]. Child sexual abuse is therefore not an isolated, sporadic or distant reality, but rather a complex and universal problem, one which results from the interaction of individual, family, social and cultural factors [8, 9].” This only indicates that the roots of this problem are in our society and our beliefs that are shaped along our life.

 Child sexual abuse is prevalent in virtually all social and family circumstances as stated before. However, girls are at greater risk if: (1) they had lived without their natural fathers, (2) their mothers worked outside the home or were disabled, (3) the children witnessed conflict between parents or had a poor relationship with one of them, or (4) the girls lived with stepfathers [10].

The evolution of the sexual industry

 In my perspective most probably this industry started at the same time as the slaves market, when people owned the property and freedom of another individual. Later on with the introduction of a medium of exchange (food, goods, gold, silver, copper, money, etc) the prostitution probably started to appear in the world.

 The Pornography industry wins lots of money every year. “As an unsourced aside, the Forrester study speculated on an industry-wide aggregate figure of $8–10 billion, which was repeated out of context in many news stories, after being published in Eric Schlosser’s book on the American black market” [11]. Probably all type of sexual traffic of women, children or men turns the sexual industry into a very profitable business. Therefore the numbers associated with all the industry should be several times higher than 8-10 billion dollars.

 Some studies indicate that there is one increase in the sexual crimes due to the viewing of pornographic material, while others say the opposite. However, most of these studies focus on various correlations, and correlation does not imply causation [11]. Additionally several studies consistently indicate that there is a greater acceptance of physical force and a loss of compassion for victims of sexual crimes accompany exposure to pornographic materials [10].

 “The people in general do not take in account the level of sexual tourism that exists in the world. Child sex tourism results in both mental and physical consequences for the exploited children, that may include “disease (including HIV/AIDS), drug addiction, pregnancy, malnutrition, social ostracism, and possibly death”, according to the State Department of the United States. Thailand, Cambodia, India, Brazil and Mexico have been identified as leading hotspots of child sexual exploitation. India’s federal police said in 2009 that they believed around 1.2 million children in India to be involved in prostitution. A CBI statement said that studies and surveys sponsored by the Ministry of Women and Child Development estimated about 40% of India’s prostitutes to be children. Additionally, Thailand’s Health System Research Institute reported that children in prostitution make up 40% of prostitutes in Thailand [12].”

Pornographic industry and Child sexual abuses

 To end I think that this pornographic industry should be better controlled specially in relation to the problems that it could create in our society. The case that I am presenting in my opinion is relevant because if this industry is continually creating products for pedophiles and this will only perpetuate the problem of child sexual abuse instead of trying to solve it. Additionally this can also trigger the appearing of new pedophiles in our society, something that should be avoided for the good of the children and also for the person that could become one. In my opinion society as to change the view how this problem is solved. By throwing someone in the prison does not solve anything. The only way to improve this situation is by: removing things that could trigger the creation of pedophiles; intervening in how parents are educating the children; improve education of children and their parents; and society should pay more attention to what is happening around then instead of living a life of hypocrite happiness where each people only cares about himself and think that this is never going to happen to their children.

 In a society that every day pays more attention to the material possession, the egocentrism of the “Me”, the competition or the need to be more sexy and sexually attractive, the space for love, family, friendship, or even to give some attention to other people around us is decreasing or zero in some cases. The drugs consumption in the World is a big problem and in the developed countries is where the consumption is higher. Could the reason for this be that these people want to run from what this word is progressively starting to transform in? Another question I have to make is, how do we want the Future of our society to be and what values do we want to keep for the next generations?

References:

  1. http://www.childhelp.org/pages/statistics
  2. World Health Organization (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs150/en/)
  3. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/un-report-uncovers-global-child-abuse-419700.html
  4. http://www.victimsofcrime.org/news-center/reporter-resources/child-sexual-abuse/child-sexual-abuse-statistics
  5. Finkelhor D.. Current Information on the Scope and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse. The Future of Children, Vol. 4, No. 2, Sexual Abuse of Children (Summer – Autumn, 1994), pp. 31-53.
  6. Peredaa N.. The prevalence of child sexual abuse in community and student samples: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review. Volume 29, Issue 4, June 2009, Pages 328–338.
  7. Walker, C.E.. The physically and sexually abused child. Evaluation and treatment. Pergamon Press, London, G.B. (1988).
  8. Brown, J.. A longitudinal analysis of risk factors for child maltreatment: Findings of a 17-year prospective study of officially recorded and self-reported child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22 (11) (1998), pp. 1065–1078.
  9. Fleming, F.. A study of potential risk factors for sexual abuse in childhood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21 (1) (1997), pp. 49–58.
  10. Knudsen, D.D.. Child sexual abuse and pornography: Is there a relationship?. Journal of Family Violence. December 1988, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 253-267.
  11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pornography
  12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_slavery
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The employment problem in Europe

Let’s face the facts. Unemployment rates in European countries are way high at this time on average. Even though we have countries like Germany and Austria, with unemployment rates below 6%, the average in the UE is 10.7%, with emphasis on the top 5: Spain (26.2%), Greece (25.4%), Portugal (16.4%), Ireland (14.7%) and Latvia (14.2%). The UE summation gives us a total of around 25 913 000 people unemployed. It is indeed a lot of people that live such a drama of feeling useless to a society and also incapable of making a living as a result of their professional skills.

I think this is not only a problem of the present. It is a problem of the past and it will also be a problem of the future, the near and the far one. It is a long-term challenge with, I would say, a lot of reasons. But the crisis just made the challenge more striking.

First, there is a general problem worldwide that comes with lack of transparency – i.e. corrupt practices -, which is the political protection of several groups of interest with no market outside the State. The State invests in their services, they keep functioning while the State has a financial viability. Since the State is usually a secure guest, these companies can grow and get expand, having eventually more employees. With several financial crises affecting the Euro-zone in particular, the States, having lost their financial viability, lose the ability to protect these groups of interest. As a consequence, these groups go bankrupt, for they were always totally unprepared to face a real market. The end result, as you may imagine, is massive unemployment. The construction bubbles in Spain and Portugal are prime examples of these protective policies, which, on the long run, revealed a dramatically wrong strategic investments in these countries.

Second, the technological boom of the last… 20 years, let’s say, brought a lot of people to unemployment, because a lot of jobs done by humans are now done by machines. We can gather a lot of examples, especially in the domain of the agriculture, fishery and industry.

These years faced a tremendous change in demands for the market, which means change in job demands, and change of skill demands. Europe is not a continent of the low-specialized jobs, on the contrary. The jobs in technology and innovation, research and development and others have risen a lot in demand lately. However, this rise does not seem to be enough so far. Also, these jobs demand a lot of more qualifications and a much higher degree of scholarship than most of the jobs we had 30 years ago. And this job market shift was not followed by a cultural shift. The notion that you study a lot, you get a degree, then you get a secure job for life is out of date in a developed country. There is a lot of people like yourself, so you need way more than a degree. You need to work a lot and well, or someone else will replace you. You now face the same problem being a teacher, a researcher, a lawyer, a police officer, a call-center operator or a trash bin collector. Your job is not safe anymore, you have to fight for it every single day.

Finally, there is an additional point I would like to make, which is educational. Are we ready for this market coming? Because it seems that the only constant in job market is change. Yet, most of the educational systems, from high school to college, work on the idea that you attend them in order to acquire the necessary skills to perform a job on a given domain knowledge. You practice the skills repeatedly until you acquire them. You memorize the concepts until you remember them. Then, yes, you are ready for the job market. Probably, some of the students will be educated today for jobs that will vanish in the next 10 years. What will happen then? Will they get another degree?

Perhaps children should be educated in order to be more creative. They will really need creativity for the future job market. We need new companies, new jobs, new products, new solutions. They will face many jobs, in which they will need a lot of different skills throuhgout their whole careers. Otherwise, the humanist European model may disappear with such a lot of unemployment.